In His Grace,
The Catholic Church. Many people refer to this as the original, or first church in the foundation of Christianity. The truth, in fact, could not be further, neither in date, or in practice. The 1st century church that Jesus Christ built was vastly different from what Rome infused into it in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries. Was the Vatican around before then, yes, and you would be surprised at its practices before this time, but it had inherently been in a bid for power...at all costs. Lie upon lie has been laid up and so many people follow the traditions of man over what is in the Bible, the Word of God. We are going to take an in depth look at this church with some of its teachings, professions, and doctrines, and then I will leave it up to you to decide. If you are Catholic and reading this, please do not think I hate or despise you, I am concerned for your soul in eternity. Read with an open mind and let the Holy Spirit guide you.
Ask most Catholics who has supreme authority in religious matters here on earth, and you will be told, the Pope. Why is this? The Catholic church believes that the Apostle Peter was its first Pope, and that chain of command has come down through the ages. When Jesus told Peter, "Upon this rock I will build my church", He was not referring to Peter as the rock. Jesus is the rock, and the foundation. The cornerstone, and without Him there would be no church.
STANDARD OF AUTHORITY
In addition to the Bible, Catholicism also follows tradition and the decrees of the Pope and church councils as religious authority.
"Did God intend that the Bible alone should be the guide to salvation? No, because certain things in the Bible can be misunderstood, and because the Bible does not have everything God taught" - Catechism, p. 51.
"Do we get from the Bible alone all our knowledge and certainty about what God has told us? No, there is also Sacred Tradition What is tradition? The Word of God handed on to us by the Apostles in their preaching and by their successors in the church to the present day Do you have to believe in tradition? Yes we are obliged to accept all the truths contained in the Bible and Tradition " - Catechism, pp. 9,10.
"Council assemblies of the rulers of the Church legally convoked, for the discussion and decision of ecclesiastical affairs The decrees of general councils have no binding authority till confirmed by the Pope The infallibility of general councils so confirmed follows from that of the Church " - Dictionary, pp. 227-230.
"Does Jesus require us to follow the Pope in matters of religion? Yes, because obedience and loyalty to the Pope are among the chief requirements of Our Lord's plan for unity Can the Pope make an error when teaching religion? Not when he is speaking solemnly (ex cathedra) as head of the church. Then he has that special protection from error which God gives as a spiritual safeguard for all the members of the church" - Catechism, p. 56.
But the Bible teaches:
1. The original apostles received all the truth we need to guide us to eternal life, and they wrote this down in the Scriptures (John 16:13; 2 Pet. 1:3; Acts 20:20,27; Matt. 28:20; I Cor. 14:37; 2 Tim. 3:16,17).
2. The teachings of these inspired writers can be understood by the common people. We do not need official interpreters to understand the word, but we should use the word to check out the teachers! (Mark 7:14; 2 Tim. 3:16,17; John 20:30,31; Acts 17:11; Psa. 119:105)
3. We displease God when we follow tradition or church laws or any human standard as the source of authority for the church (Matt. 15:1-14; Col. 2:8; Gal. 1:6-9; Prov. 14:12; 2 John 9-11; Jer. 10:23).
Catholicism teaches that the Pope is the earthly head of the church.
"The Pope, who is the bishop of Rome and the Vicar of Christ on earth is the visible head of the whole Catholic Church Who was the first Pope? St. Peter, who was made Pope by Jesus Christ Himself Did Peter's authority die with him? No, it was handed down to a man named Linus, and after he died, it was handed down to another, and so on, during the past 2000 years" - Catechism, pp. 55,56. Below the Pope in the church hierarchy are various levels of cardinals, bishops, priests, etc.
"The law of the [Roman] Church forbids persons living in the married state to be ordained, and persons in holy orders [priests, etc.], to marry" - Dictionary, p. 132.
But the Bible teaches:
1. Jesus is the Head, foundation, and chief shepherd of the church (Eph. 1:22,23; Col. 1:18; Matt. 28:18; I Cor. 3:11; Acts 4:10,11; I Pet. 2:3-8; John 10:11,14; I Pet. 5:4; Heb. 13:20). For the church to have two heads (Jesus and the Pope) would be spiritual adultery, like a woman having two husbands (cf. Eph. 5:22-24 to Rom. 7:2,3).
Note on Matt. 16:18 - The "rock" on which Jesus built His church is not Peter, but it is the truth that Jesus is the Son of God (v13-17). In this context, Jesus is not confessing and exalting Peter; rather, Peter is confessing and exalting Jesus! The "rock" on which the church is built (Greek PETRA) is a solid ledge of stone. It is not the same as Peter (Greek PETROS, a stone), but is contrasted to Him. This agrees with I Cor. 3:11 and other verses listed above, which show Jesus is the foundation of the church.
2. Peter had no greater authority than the other apostles (2 Cor. 11:5; 12:11,12). All had power to bind and loose by preaching the gospel guided by the Holy Spirit (cf. Matt. 16:19 to 18:18; John 20:22f; and Mark 16:15,16; John 16:13; Gal. 1:11,12). Peter had the "keys" to be the first one to preach this gospel and open the door to both Jews and Gentiles to enter the church (Acts 2 and Acts 10), but others preached as much and as effectively as he did (I Cor. 15:10).
3. Peter did not fit the pattern of modern Popes. He was married (Matt. 8:14; I Cor. 9:5). He refused to allow men to bow to honor him religiously (Acts 10:25,26). He wore no exalted title such as "Father" (Matt. 23:9).
4. No one today can be a successor to Peter or to any other apostle. Apostles had to be eyewitnesses of the resurrected Christ (Acts 1:21,22; I Cor. 9:1; 15:8; Acts 2:32; 3:15; etc.). Apostles confirmed their apostleship by doing miracles (2 Cor. 12:12; Mark 16:20; Acts 3:1-10; 9:32-42; etc.). Those who received this miraculous power from the apostles, could not in turn pass it on to others (Acts 8:5-18).
5. Marriage is honorable for all, including apostles and bishops (Heb. 13:4; Matt. 8:14; I Cor. 9:5; I Tim. 3:2,4; Tit. 1:5-7). It is a clear sign of apostacy to forbid people to marry (I Tim. 4:1-3).
Catholicism teaches that the elements in communion become the literal flesh and blood of Jesus.
"The Holy Eucharist is the Sacrament in which Jesus Christ is really and physically present under the appearances of bread and wine The appearances of the bread and wine (taste, smell, color, size, shape, weight) did not change, even though the bread and wine were actually changed into the Body and Blood of Jesus. The substance of the bread and wine are changed into the substance of the body and blood of Jesus. This change is called transubstantiation."
"When does the priest change bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus? At Mass, when he says, 'This is my Body. This is My Blood.'
"What is the Mass? The sacrifice of the Cross, the sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ, offered in an unbloody manner under the appearances of bread and wine Who offered the first Mass? Jesus offered the first Mass at the Last Supper when He changed the bread and wine into His Body and Blood Is the sacrifice of the Mass the same as the sacrifice of the cross? Yes, they are the same " - Catechism, pp. 69-76.
But the Bible teaches:
1. Even after Jesus said "This is my body This is my blood," the elements were still described as "fruit of the vine," "bread," and "cup." Both statements cannot be taken physically. (Matt. 26:29; I Cor. 11:26-28)
2. Jesus' sacrifice was not repeated, so the mass cannot be the same sacrifice offered today (Heb. 7:26,27; 9:24-28; 10:9,10; I Pet. 3:18).
3. Jesus could not have offered a sacrifice (the "first mass") before He died because the Old Testament was still in effect then, and He could not serve as a priest under that testament (Heb. 7:12-14; 8:4; 9:15,16).
4. Changing bread and wine to flesh and blood would require a miracle. True miracles could always be verified by the physical evidence that the change had occurred (cf. John 2:1-11), yet Catholicism admits there is no evidence of change in the bread and cup. Furthermore, miracles have ceased and cannot occur since the "perfect" written word was completed (I Cor. 13:8-13; cf. Jude 3; James 1:25).
5. Drinking blood is forbidden (Acts 15:29).
6. "This is my body This is my blood" refers, not to the physical substance of the elements, but to their spiritual significance. Other similar statements of Jesus are: "I am the door I am the vine" (John 10:7,9; 15:1,5).
In a memorial, one thing is used to remind us of another thing. The memorial is never physically and literally the thing it reminds us of (cf. I Cor. 11:24,25 to Ex. 12:11-14). If I show you a picture and say, "This is my wife," you do not conclude that my wife is a piece of photographic paper. The picture is a memorial which reminds me of my wife. So the bread and fruit of the vine are elements which remind us of Jesus' body and blood.
EXALTATION OF MARY & PRAYER TO SAINTS
Catholicism exalts Mary to a super-human position, and prays to her and to saints.
" the Blessed Virgin can do whatever she pleases both in heaven and on earth At the command of Mary, all obey, even God God grants the prayers of Mary as if they were commands Yes, Mary is omnipotent for the queen by every law enjoys the same privileges as the king Since the mother, then, should have the same power as the Son, rightly has Jesus, who is omnipotent, made Mary also omnipotent whatever the Mother asks for, the Son never denies her" - Glories, pp. 154-156.
"Catholics believe that the Blessed Virgin was free from all actual sin because of divine tradition confirmed by the Council of Trent" - Question Box, p. 360.
"The Church teaches us that [Mary] was always a Virgin - a Virgin before her espousals, during her married life and after her spouse's death" - Faith of Our Fathers, p. 138.
" the Eternal Father besides giving us Jesus Christ, our principal Advocate with Him, was pleased also to give us Mary, as our Advocate with Jesus Christ He has placed the whole price of redemption in the hands of Mary, that she may dispense it at will .. [T]he way of salvation is open to none otherwise than through Mary .. No one is saved but through thee Whoever asks and expects to obtain graces without the intercession of Mary, endeavors to fly without wings [A]ll graces are dispensed by Mary, and all who are saved are saved only by the means of this Divine Mother " - Glories, pp. 169,85,143f,8.
"O most pure Virgin Mary, I worship thy most holy heart It is well to say the rosary kneeling, before an image of Mary" -Glories, pp. 104,508.
Catholic prayer books contain examples of prayers that members should pray to Mary or to other saints (see "The Confiteor" in Catechism, p. 135, and "Prayer to St. Joseph" in St. Pius X Daily Missal, p. 1031).
"Mary, "the All-Holy," lived a perfectly sinless life" (Catechism 411, 493).
"Mary is the co-mediator to whom we can entrust all our cares and petitions" (Catechism 968-970, 2677)
But the Bible teaches:
1. Jesus was born from Mary by the power of the Holy Spirit (Luke 1:35). He possessed His divine characteristics in common with God and His human characteristics in common with Mary. Hence, He possesses omnipotence because of His Deity (John 1:1-3,14; Phil. 2:6-11; Col. 2:9; Eph. 1:19-23). But Mary would not share in Jesus' Divine characteristics. To say she is omnipotent would exalt her to the position of Deity.
2. Deity is sinless (Deut. 32:4). Though Jesus has always been God, He came to earth as a man and lived sinlessly (2 Cor. 5:21; I John 3:5; I Pet. 2:22; Heb. 4:15). All other humans sin (Rom. 3:10,12,23). That includes Mary. To say Mary is sinless would exalt her to Deity and make God a liar (I John 1:8,10).
3. Virginity before marriage is a virtue, but after marriage it is not a virtue (Heb. 13:4). In fact, to refuse the sexual union with one's marriage spouse is a sin because it tempts one's spouse to commit fornication (I Cor. 7:2-5). Jesus had "brothers and sisters" in the very same sense that Mary was His "mother" (Matt. 12:46-50; Mark 6:3). (Note that "sister" never refers in the gospel to a cousin or more distant relative. There was a different Greek word for a female cousin or kinswoman - Luke 1:36.)
4. Jesus is our only mediator and advocate with God in prayer and in salvation (I Tim. 2:5; I John 2:1,2). Only God can dispense forgiveness (Mk. 2:7- 12). Salvation is only through Jesus (Acts 4:12; Heb. 5:9).
5. We worship only Deity, not created beings (Matt. 4:10; Rom. 1:23,25). We must not bow or kneel to any created being or statue in religious honor (Acts 10:25,26; Rev. 22:8,9; 19:10). To honor Mary as Catholics do is idolatry (I John 5:21).
Romans 3:23 says, "For all have
sinned, and come short of the glory of God."
7. Revelation 15:4 says, "Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? For thou only art holy."
8. Romans 3:10 says, "There is none righteous, no, not one."
NOTE: In contrast, Mary said that God is her Savior (Luke 1:47). If God was her Savior, then Mary was not sinless. Sinless people do not need a Savior.
There is only one mediator, and that is Jesus. 1 Timothy 2:5-6 says,
"For there is one God and one mediator between
God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for all men --
the testimony given in its proper time."
10. Hebrews 7:25 says, "Therefore He (Jesus) is able to save completely those who come to God through Him, because He always lives to intercede for them."
11. Ephesians 3:12 says, "In Him and through faith in Him we may approach God with freedom and confidence."
LENT AND ABSTINENCE
Catholicism observes special holy days when eating meat is forbidden.
Lent: "A fast of forty days preceding Easter There is no mention in Scripture of the observance of Lent, or, indeed, or any determined time for fasting among Christians" - Dictionary, p. 512.
"What is abstinence? The Church's law of abstinence says that on certain days you may not eat meat What are the days of obligatory abstinence? Ash Wednesday and all the Fridays of Lent" - Catechism, p. 132.
But the Bible teaches:
1. The Lord's supper is the only New Testament memorial with any regular, fixed time frequency. It is a memorial of Jesus' death observed each first day of the week (I Cor. 11:23-26; Acts 20:7).
2. Gal. 4:10,11 expressly warns of the danger of giving religious significance to days not authorized by God.
3. Binding that people must not eat meats at certain times is a clear evidence of apostasy (I Tim. 4:1-3).
PURGATORY AND INDULGENCES
Catholicism teaches there is, after death, a place of temporary punishment which can be escaped by the merits of other people.
"What is purgatory? A place and state of temporary punishment after death Who goes to purgatory? Those 1) who die while guilty of unrepented venial sins 2) who die without having done sufficient penance to pay the debt of the temporal punishment still due their past sins Where do you go when you leave purgatory? To heaven to be with God Can you help the souls in purgatory? You can shorten their stay by having Masses said for them, praying for them and doing good works for them" - Catechism, pp. 37-39.
Regarding indulgences, we are told: "The Church has recourse to the infinite merits of Christ and to the merits of saints who have done penance more than sufficient to pay the temporal punishment due to their own sins their actions had a penitential character which availed for others if not needed for themselves" - Dictionary, p. 441.
In other words, people in the past did more good works than they themselves needed to get out of purgatory. By meeting the conditions set down by the priest, you can claim the benefit of these good works, so you or a loved one get out of purgatory sooner. That is an indulgence.
But the Bible teaches:
1. After death, there will be no crossing over from the place of punishment to the place of reward (Luke 16:26). Hence, our eternal destinies are fixed at the time of death and cannot be changed by anything we or anyone else does.
2. Each person will be rewarded according to what he personally did in the body (Ezek. 18:20; 2 Cor. 5:10). No one's reward or punishment after death can be determined by what other people do.
3. No human has any excess good deeds beyond what he himself needs (Rom. 3:9-18,23; I John 1:8,10; James 2:10; Luke 17:10).
4. God is no respecter of persons. Wealthy people have no advantage over poor people regarding their destiny after death (Acts 10:34,35; James 2:1-9; 2 Cor. 8:12; Mark 12:41-44). But since the priest gets paid to say masses for the dead, the doctrine of purgatory lets people who are rich (or who have rich relatives) escape punishment sooner than poor people.
CONFESSION TO THE PRIEST
Catholicism teaches that sins must be confessed to a priest to be forgiven.
"Who has the power to forgive sin today? All bishops and priests of the Catholic Church can forgive sin What do you have to do to have your sins forgiven? You have to be truly sorry for them and confess them to a Catholic priest Does the priest merely pray that your sins will be forgiven? No, acting as God's instrument and ordained minister, he truly forgives the sins" - Catechism, pp. 78.
But the Bible teaches:
1. Only God can forgive sins (Mark 2:7-12).
2. "The words 'priest,' 'priesthood' are never applied in the New Testament to the office of the Christian ministry. All Christians are priests (I Pet. 2:5,9; Apoc. 5:10)" - Dictionary, p. 692. (Note that this is the admission of an official Catholic reference work.)
3. All Christians can pray to God through Christ for forgiveness of their own sins (Acts 8:22; Matt. 6:12).
4. Any Christian can pray for the forgiveness of another Christian; but they only pray - they cannot actually forgive the sin. And all righteous men (not some special priestly class) do this for one another (James 5:16).
5. The only mediator between us and God is Jesus (I Tim. 2:5).
In His Grace,
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