How Many Plagues Were Really in Egypt?

Supposed contradiction and verses:

There is a difference in the plagues listed in Exodus versus what is in Psalm 78 & 105


 10 Plagues Listed:
Exodus 7-10

Please read in your Bible and see the plagues listed in these chapters.



Four plagues not listed (frogs, lice, murrain, and darkness) but two are added (frost and evil angels)
Psalm 78:47 & 49

47 He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.

49 He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them.

Two plagues not listed (murrain and boils) but frost is mentioned

Psalm 105:33

He smote their vines also and their fig trees; and brake the trees of their coasts.



   The skeptic has made one initial assumption that is not there which must quickly be stricken. Psalm 105:33 has no mention of frost. In fact, there is no mention of it in the entire chapter. Verse 32 speaks of the hail, so the skeptic intentionally misrepresented “brake the trees of their coasts” with the frost shown in Psalm 78:47. We can quickly dismiss that passage and move on Psalm 78.

   Exodus is a historical account of what happened during the plagues. What the skeptic has done is mistook the Psalm as the same thing. There is no intention of the Psalm to list the  complete events of what happened there, but rather to highlight what did happen to draw the reader, or singer’s, attention to that period in time. That being said, the fact that there are some of the plagues not listed in both Psalm 78 & 105 is of no great concern because the Psalmist was using the same Pentateuch that all other Israelites were familiar with and could relate to for historical accounts.

   So what about the “plagues” of frost and evil angels? The frost is not so much a plague as it is a by-product of one of the plagues… hail. If it is cold enough for hail, particularly the size of this hail, it is also cold enough for….. frost. Evil angels is also a by-product of all the plagues. How? Remember, the word angel has several meanings, but the most common is messenger. The messenger does not always have to be a spirit being, it can be human. So, the context of this word can have two outlooks on it, it could be human beings bringing bad news, or it could be spiritual beings wreaking havoc. Both can be true in this case.

   Moses and Aaron were not evil in the sense that we typically look at the word evil these days. Evil can mean adverse or troubling. They gave many troubling messages to Pharaoh and could have easily fit this description as it was the content of their message and not their character that was being described. On the other hand, from a human viewpoint, though commanded by God for these plagues to happen, the carrying out of them would be viewed as being done by evil spiritual beings, thus evil angels. One can see this symbolism even in the book of Revelation with the frogs of the sixth vial judgment if you read Revelation 16:12-14.

   The skeptic’s argument has been dismantled. There is no contradiction!

In His Grace,

            Mike Harris


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