In the early 1800’s, a man named William Miller started out as a new Christian around 1816 and began what he called an intense study into the Bible. Emerging from this came his interpretation of the end times, the formation of the Millerites, and a huge failed prophecy in 1844. He had predicted Jesus would return on October 22, 1844, and the ensuing drama from the failure went into the history books known as the Great Disappointment. From this a majority of the Millerite Adventists went back to their original churches, but some groups splintered off of this movement. In particular were the Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Seventh Day Adventists (SDA), who maintained Miller got it right, but the interpretation was wrong. This of course was to help with the coming onslaught of false prophecies by the JW organization, as well as the SDA leader Ellen White. I already have articles on the JW organization, and this is the first on the SDA movement. I will address Ellen White’s failed prophecies later, as this article will focus solely on the heretical teaching that both of these cults share. The belief that Jesus Christ and Michael the Archangel are one in the same. We’ll examine their reasons, and show them to be in conflict with scripture. I will show four irrefutable points that prove this wrong.
SDA say that Jesus and Michael are the same because of passages that speak of the “angel of the Lord” in which the angel receives worship, or is called Lord, or even shows proof of the Triune God. To the appearance of the pre-incarnate Christ in the Old Testament, I will never argue that. He came many different times and was described as “the angel of the Lord” in places such as Genesis 18, or seeing God face to face as in Genesis 32:30, and the list goes on. I have already done an article about the Trinity which you can find at www.mikeschristiancorner.com/trinity.html , that will help you understand the Triune God, YHWH. SO, the identification of these appearances as the Word, before He took on flesh, is no problem. The problem ensues when these appearances are said to be Michael. To make there point, most SDA will compare two verses, one from the Old Testament, and one from the New Testament.
14 And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my Lord unto his servant?
15 And the captain of the LORD's host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so.
7And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,
The first thing we see in the passage from Joshua is that this angel received worship. Angels never accept worship (Revelation 19:10 & 22:9). Since this “angel” does, is there a problem? No! Jesus Christ more than any other being in the entire universe is a messenger for the Father. This explains very well why Christ is sometimes called an "Angel" when He is not an angel. The word mal'ak, in Hebrew word for "angel" means "messenger" and is sometimes used to refer to human messengers or ambassadors. In Malachi 3:1, we have John the Baptist and Christ as two angels (mal'ak). John the Baptist is the "angel" who prepares the way, and Christ is the "Angel of the Covenant,", the Lord who comes to His temple, before whom "who shall be able to stand?" Neither was technically an "angel," but since they were messengers, they are called "angels."
The association we see here, is that they say since it is Jesus in the Joshua passage as “captain” and Michael in Revelation who fights with his angels, this means they are the same. This is a false assumption. In the Joshua passage, Jesus is identified as the “Captain of the LORD’s host”. This entails everything in Heaven, something only God can be. The Revelation passage is simply denoting angels that are assigned to Michael as fighting with him, it is not making him over all of the angels. Please note that in Revelation 19, it is Jesus Christ, not Michael the Archangel that the armies of Heaven follow down to the valley of Megiddo. Further, Michael is mentioned in Revelation as warring with Satan and his angels, yet, it is Jesus Christ that is giving the testimony in Revelation, it is His Revelation. The Apostle John clearly understood there was a difference between the two or He would have said it was the Revelation of Michael, or either that Jesus fought with Satan and his angels.
SDA say that Jesus is Michael because of Daniel 12:1, so let’s look at that verse:
And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.
To maintain that Michael standing up for thy people “Israel” means He is Jesus, would mean that any angel that stood at that time could be. Michael was appointed to watch over Israel, and when he stands, it is time for something to happen. When we read the parallels in Revelation, we see that a war breaks out in Heaven, and Michael along with the angels he has charge over, fight with them. This comes when the Anti-Christ breaks the peace treaty with Israel and then calls for worship to him alone. When Satan and his angels are permanently cast from Heaven (from going to and fro and accusing night and day), great trouble comes upon the Earth such as never before. The difference is Michael is appointed as the one who stands for Israel, yet it is Jesus, and Him alone that stands for all, and is the Deliverer of all. Michael has an important role, since there are angels assuredly assigned to different tasks, countries, etc, he is assigned to God’s chosen nation. Let us notice another thing from the book of Daniel:
But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.
In this verse, we see that Michael is one of the chief prince, not THE if that title were even assigned to Christ. If there are others like Michael, He can not be Jesus. Scripture tells us:
5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
We see there is NONE like Jesus. Further, if Michael were Jesus, since in verse 6 we are told all God’s angels will worship Jesus, then He would have to worship himself. That’s quite illogical! Let’s keep looking:
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
2 The same was in the beginning with God.
3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
In both these passages, we see that Jesus is God in the flesh and has created ALL things, no exceptions. Angels, just like Michael, are created beings, and as such, could not be Jesus, because He is not created!
SDA say that Jesus is Michael the archangel because in 1st Thessalonians 4:16, Jesus comes with the voice of the archangel:
1st Thessalonians 4:16
For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
They have made the assumption that since the Bible only names one archangel, that there are no others, thus the archangel here must be Michael. That’s a huge leap. We aren’t told of everything in Heaven, we wouldn’t understand. But here is the kicker, even if he were the only one, if you say that Jesus is Michael because He comes with the voice of an archangel, you also have to say Jesus is a trumpet, because He is coming with that too! That’s ludicrous. No, what Paul says here is that there will be a shout by the voice of an archangel heralding, or announcing, the return of the Lord, just as the trump of God will do. It is solely a preamble to Jesus returning.
Jesus has all authority over things in Heaven & Earth (Matthew 28:18), which is understandable since Jesus is God. Jesus rebuked Satan:
Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
In contrast, we see Michael would not do such a thing, but rather called upon God to rebuke Satan:
Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.
In conclusion, it is evident that Jesus and Michael are not the same. There is a grave danger in making this assumption because you deny the deity of Jesus Christ by making Him a created angel. If you have the wrong Jesus, you have the wrong God!
In His Grace,
Mike Harris Jr.
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